It has been authentically reported in Sunni and Shia books, that the pious Caliph Ali ibn Abi Talib punished some of the extemists from among the renegades and heretics (prototype-Rafidi i.e. Sabaites) of his time by burning them with fire. However, did you know that Ali advised Omar (ibn Al-Khattab) to behead sodomites (“homosexuals”) and then burn their corpses?!
The following sources are are all authentic and accepted by Shia scholars, yet we see some ignorants in our time having the audacity to claim that only the “evil” Sahabah, the likes Abu Bakr, Khalid Ibn Al-Walid etc. did “cruel” things like beheading, burning and that thus Sunnism is violent and dangerous by by its nature whereas Shi’ism is not.
أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الْأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْكُوفِيِّ عَنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ عَامِرٍ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الْعَزْرَمِيِّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع يَقُولُوُجِدَ رَجُلٌ مَعَ رَجُلٍ فِي إِمَارَةِ عُمَرَ فَهَرَبَ أَحَدُهُمَا وَ أُخِذَ الْآخَرُ فَجِيءَ بِهِ إِلَى عُمَرَ فَقَالَ لِلنَّاسِ مَا تَرَوْنَ قَالَ فَقَالَ هَذَا اصْنَعْ كَذَا وَ قَالَ هَذَا اصْنَعْ كَذَا قَالَ فَقَالَ مَا تَقُولُ يَا أَبَا الْحَسَنِ قَالَ فَقَالَ اضْرِبْ عُنُقَهُ فَضَرَبَ عُنُقَهُ قَالَ ثُمَّ أَرَادَ أَنْ يَحْمِلَهُ فَقَالَ ع مَهْ إِنَّهُ قَدْ بَقِيَ مِنْ حُدُودِهِ شَيْءٌ قَالَ أَيُّ شَيْءٍ قَدْ بَقِيَ قَالَ ادْعُ بِحَطَبٍ فَدَعَا عُمَرُ بِحَطَبٍ فَأَمَرَ بِهِ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ع فَأُحْرِقَ بِهِ.
[…] I heard Abu ‘Abdillah (Ja’far Al-Sadiq) saying: “Two sodomites (“homosexuals”) were caught during the reign of ‘Omar (Al-Faruq), one of them fled, the other one was caught and brought to Omar who consulted the people asking them what to do with him (i.e. captured sodomite). A group of people made some suggestions (i.e. as to how he should get executed), then ‘Omar consulted Abu Al-Hassan (‘Ali ibn Abi Talib), who said: “Strike off his neck (behead him)!” ‘Omar then stroke his (i.e. sodomites) neck and was about to carry him (i.e. in order for him to get buried) but ‘Ali said: “Leave it! There is still something left of his punishment.” ‘Omar asked: “And what is left of it?” ‘Ali called for wood (to build a fire) so ‘Omar brought it, then the Chief of the Believer (‘Ali) ordered the burning (of the sodomite’s corpse). [Maladh Al-Akhyar fi Fahm Tahthib Al-Ahkam by Muhammad Baqir Al-Majlisi, vol. 16, page 102-103]
الحديث الثاني: صحيح.
و قال في الشرائع: و يجوز أن يجمع بين أحد هذه و بين تحريقه
و قال في المسالك: مذهب الأصحاب أن حد اللائط الموقب القتل ليس إلا، و يتخير الإمام في جهة قتله، فإن شاء قتله بالسيف، و إن شاء ألقاه من شاهق، و إن شاء أحرقه بالنار، و إن شاء رجمه. و ورد روايات بالتفصيل بأنه إن كان محصنا رجم و إن كان غير محصن جلد، و لم يعمل بها أحدHe (Zayn Al-Din Al-‘Amili, known as “Al-Shahid Al-Thani”, a descendant of Al-Hilli) says in his Masalik [Al-Afham]: “Our Mathhab states that the one who does the action (i.e. sodomy, anal intercourse between two men) of the people of Lut is to be killed without any doubt. The Imam can choose between the methods [of execution/killing] of: The Sword (i.e. beheading); Throwing (the sodomite) from the top of a high tower/building or he can choose to burn him. And our narrations state with details that in case of a married man, he should be stoned to death and a non-married one should be whipped […]”
- Ali and Omar were mutual friends advising and correcting each other.
- Omar respected Ali, an usurper would never respect, let alone seek advise from an alleged semi-devine rival in the midst of the people.
- Omar listened to Ali when it came to a trivial matter (execution of a sodomite), if ‘Ali really had the sole right to rule over the Muslims then nothing would have prevented a genuine man like Omar to listen and obey ‘Ali.
- Beheadings were practiced by the Sahabah/Ahl Al-Bayt, in fact ‘Ali was much more eager than ‘Omar when it came to beheadings as it was him (i.e. ‘Ali) who advised ‘Omar to behead an (“homosexuals”) and burn his corpse something ‘Omar didn’t come up with.